Pigeons

Description of Appearance:

  • Length: 29-33cm.pigeon1
  • Weight: 260-580g.
  • Grey, slightly iridescent feathers on the neck that shine pink and green in the sunlight.
  • Other colours include white, brownish-red, and mixtures.

Lifecycle:

  • They can produce up to 9 broods per year but 2 – 3 on average.
  • 2 eggs in each clutch new ones can be laid when their young are just 20 days old.
  • Eggs have a 17 – 19 day incubation period.
  • Young birds spend 35 – 37 days in the nest.
  • Their lifespan is around 3-5 years in the wild but up to 35 years in captivity.

Habits & Behaviour:

  • Nests are built by the female using material collected by the male.
  • They roost together in buildings, ledges, lofts, walls or even statues in towns and cities.
  • Pigeons feed on seeds, bread, vegetables, meat and other food discarded by humans.
  • Pigeons are able to dip their bills into the water and drink continuously without having to tilt their heads back.
  • Young pigeons are known as squabs.
  • They are fed from a special substance produced in the pigeon’s crop known as pigeon milk.
  • When disturbed, a pigeon in a group will take off with a noisy clapping sound.
  • This informs other pigeons that there is danger present.
  • They are capable of rapid dives and changes in direction and most of the time will easily out manoeuvre a bird of prey, as they can reach speeds of up to 50mph.
  • They are resident and do not migrate.

Important:

  • Do not feed pigeons around your building. This could lead to them nesting nearby.
  • Their acidic droppings can erode most surfaces, causing structural degradation to your building.
  • The best known disease passed from birds to man is Psittacosis. Fouling can be a public health hazard and must be cleaned regularly.

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